Companion Planting



Companion planting is simply pairing plants together that enjoy one another’s company, just as we want to hang out with people that we like and that like us, plants are the same.

By using companion planting, many gardeners find that they can discourage harmful pests without losing the beneficial allies. There are certain vegetables that like to be planted together so try to pair up your vegetables to help keep pest numbers down.

Companion Planting For Vegetables

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Vegetable

Companions

Really dislikes to be with…

Asparagus

Basil, Tomato, Nasturtium, Parsley

Onion, garlic, potato

Beans

Carrot, cabbage, cauliflower, cucumber, marigold

Chives, leek, garlic

Broad Beans

Brassicas, carrot, celery, corn, lettuce, potato

Fennel

Beets

Brassicas, lettuce, onion, sage

Bean (pole)

Broccoli

Celery, chamomile, dill, rosemary

Oregano, Strawberry

Brussel Sprouts

Potato, Thyme

Strawberry

Cabbage

Beetroot, potato, oregano, sage

Strawberry, tomato

Carrot

Bush beans, pole beans, lettuce, onion, pea, radish, tomato

Chives, dill, parsnip, radish

Cauliflower

Beans, celery, oregano

Nasturtium, peas, potato, strawberry, tomato

Celery

Cabbage, leek, onion, spinach, tomato

Parsnip, potato

Corn

Bean, cucumber, melon, pea, pumpkin, potato, radish

Tomato

Cucumber

Bean, celery, lettuce, pea, radish

Cauliflower, potato, basil

Eggplant

Bean, capsicum, potato, spinach

 

Leek

Carrot, celery, strawberry

 

Lettuce

Carrots, radishes, strawberry

Beans, beetroot, parsley

Melon

Corn, radish

Potato

Onion

Bean sprout, broccoli, cabbage, lettuce, strawberry tomato

Bean, pea

Pea

Beans, Carrot, corn, cucumber, radish

Onion family

Potato

Bean, corn, cabbage, pea, eggplant

Cucumber, pumpkin, squash, sunflower

Pumpkin

Corn

Potato

Spinach

Celery, cauliflower, eggplant

 

Tomato

Asparagus, celery, carrot, parsley, marigold

Corn, fennel, potato

Zucchini

Nasturtium

 



There are many varieties of herbs, flowers, etc. that can be used for companion plants.

Be open to experimenting and find what works for you. Some possibilities would be using certain plants as a border, backdrop or interplanting in your flower or vegetable beds where you have specific needs.

Use plants that are native to your area so the insects you want to attract already know what to look for! Plants with open cup shaped flowers are the most popular with beneficial insects.

The most damage occurs in the summer months so keep summer flowering plants dominant.

In the Spring, grow Artichoke, Calendula, Marguerite, Daises, Gazania, Feverfew, Gaillardia or Yarrow.

In the Summer, grow Shasta, Cosmos, Aster, Zinnia, Sunflower, Carrot, Coriander, Queen Ann’s Lace, Fennel and Dill.

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Organic sprays can be helpful if you do get a build up of insects or bugs, here are some recommendations as follows:

 

 

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Insect Pests

Damage

Predators

Approved Control

Aphid/Thrip

Sap sucking

Parasitic wasp Ladybird

Derris dust, Pyrethum, Insecticidal

Cabbage Moth

Larvae chew leaves

Parasitic wasp

Bacillus thuringiensis Dipel (BT)

Nematode

Root damage

Parasitic nematodes

Marigolds, Clean soil

Scale

Sap Sucking

Parasitic wasp

White Oil

Snails

Destroy seedlings

Ducks, Chooks

Beertraps, Multiguard pellets, Woodash

Fruit Fly

Fruit

 

Naturalure

 



It is also very important to keep soil fertility high as pest and disease attack weak plants. Be patient as it takes time to build up your soil fertility and predator pests in your organic vegetable garden.

Learn More about Your Soil Here

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