How To Make Compost
How to Make compost from scratch that will enrich your vegetable garden in only 10-12 weeks.
Don’t spend endless money on fertilisers and chemicals when you can learn how to make compost crawling with millions of micro-organisms packed full of all the nutrients needed, that will bring life back into your soil.
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small clippings (larger pieces need to
go through the garden mulcher)
Mulch or straw.
Lime, rock phosphate
Using a layering method to make the
compost pile in an open space, but this method can be adapted to 3 or 4 sided
How to make a compost pile?
Firstly, collect all of the ingredients
ready to start making your compost. It is a lot easier if everything is close by
before you start.
Begin by piling some Lucerne hay
straight on the top of the ground.
Then add a fine layer of mulch
each time you add a layer be sure to wet
thoroughly before adding the next layer.
Then add a fine sprinkle of manure over
the mulch wetting down the pile as you go , then the next layer of mulch about
10 cm(4-5 inches) thick.
test the moisture levels of your compost by squeezing a handful, you should get
a drop or two from it - not a stream.
Then add a fine sprinkle of lime over
the mulch wetting down the mulch as you go, then mulch layer over the top.
Then adding some rock phosate to the
Followed by mulch & then a layer of
Keep adding layer after layer until you
reach about 1 metre in height (3 feet).
Regarding grass clippings, add to the
pile instead of a layer of mulch every so often. The same with small clippings
just replace a layer of mulch.
Add a sprinkling of seaweed meal &
mature compost as a layer about half way through the pile.
Adding some mature (finished) compost to
the pile, will introduce a wide range of micro-organisms that will assist in
breaking down the compost into a rich dark humus, finished product should have
an earthy odour.
You can add old leaves to the pile or
weeds or even a few food scraps. The pile will heat up to about 65-70 degrees in
the first 3-5 days, which will kill any weed seeds that may be in the pile.
Earth worms & other beneficial organisms
will move into the compost pile after the first 2 weeks. That will start to
break down the pile & mix everything together as they work into the compost.
After 6 weeks, turn the pile, if the
pile is dry then add some more water to the compost. The compost will be ready
in another 4-6 weeks time. When finished the compost will be cool, dark, rich
humus that contains many beneficial soil organisms.
You will be surprised of the quality of
compost that you can make. A little bit of planning & elbow grease (manual
labour) is all it takes to make your own compost.
Key Points On How To Make Compost
Always add manure or any other natural
fertiliser between layers of mulch
Add plenty of water to the pile after
adding each new layer.
Pile should heat up to 65-70 degrees in
first 3-5 days.
Each handful of compost contains
millions of micro-organisms. Add the finish product to your vegetable garden,
then fork into the soil or cover with a mulch & let the earth worms take the
compost down into the soil.
Recommended reading is this great book by Rod Turner
"The worlds best compost"Click Here!
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