Vegetable Garden Planting



A good vegetable garden planting guide is needed to achieve maximum yields out of your vegetable garden. If you are prepared to set out a plan and use a planting guide (northern hemisphere) like the one below you will be well on the way to success.

Soil Preparation

Before it comes to vegetable garden planting you will need to prepare the soil for your seedlings. It is best to start 6-8 weeks prior to first plant out. Add plenty of organic matter in the form of manure, compost or half broken down mulch. Add some blood and bone, lime, rock dust to the soil and dig in.

Leave for 6 weeks then re dig the garden ready for planting. For more information on good garden fertilizers then click right here!!!

Planting Early Vegetable Crops

Planting early crops will allow you to harvest early. You will need to start seeds indoors or in a hothouse or buy seedlings in from a nursery. Warm season crops especially as they take longer to mature and will not handle the frosts so in some areas planting gets pushed back a few weeks.

Cool season crops For Vegetable Garden Plantings

You can sow early "cool-season" crops such as lettuce, cabbage, cauliflower, broccoli, Brussels sprouts, and onions immediately after preparing your garden plot at the start of autumn. Cool season crops take less time to mature.

Warm Season Crops For Vegetable Garden Plantings

Warm season crops take longer to mature and you will need to wait until the last frost or so seeds indoors to get an early start then transplant after last frost.

Seedlings Verse's Seeds

Seedlings are great way to start a garden they give you a head start. You can either buy in seedlings from your local nursery or grow your own.

Seeds

Seeds are a rewarding way to start your vegetable garden planting, as you get to watch them germinate and grow into seedlings.

They are a very affordable but can be time consuming as most vegetables seeds you need to sow into punnets and raise up as seedlings using a special growing medium. They also require watering twice a day to keep moist and develop good root growth before transplanting.

Certain vegetable seeds sprout and grow very well directly in your garden soil. Vegetable plants like peas, beans, carrots, potatoes can be planted direct in the soil.

Starting Plants Inside And Transplanting

If you start your vegetable garden plantings inside you will achieve earlier harvests and a extended seasons give gardeners maximum yields and more produce throughout the growing season.

When you start you vegetables in hothouses you will give your vegetables a head start to the season because you will have young plants to plant just as the season starts, saving yourself 4-6 weeks growing time if you were to plant seeds outdoors when the climate is right.

Transplanting

Vegetable garden planting is best carried out early in the morning or in the cool of the afternoon. Once you transplant your plants water in with a dilute seaweed solution this helps with the plants to deal with the stress of being transplanted. Keep watering the plants daily until they have settled in. then only as required. Give the vegetable garden plantings once a week a liquid seaweed fertilizer boost during there growing period.

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Planting Dates and Distances for Vegetable Garden Plantings (Northern Hemisphere)

 

Planting dates

Planting distances (in cm)

 

Vegetable

Start seed in Hothouse

 (cold frames)

Plant seed or plant outdoors

Between rows, hand cultivated

Between plants

Depth of seeding (cm)

Amount to order per 6 metres of row


 

Asparagus

 

April 15 - May 1
(crowns)

90

30 - 45

10 - 15 (crowns)

15 crowns

Beans, snap (bush)

 

May 15 - July 1

45 – 60

7.5 – 10

3 - 5

85 –

110 g

Beans, snap(pole)

 

May 15 - July 1

90

10 – 15

3 - 5

50 – 85g

Beans, dry shell

 

May 15

45 – 60

8 – 10

3

85 –

110 g

Beans, lima

 

May 15 - June 10

45 - 60

10 – 15

3

85 –

110 g

Beets

 

April 15 - July 1

30 – 45

5 - 8

2.5

1 packet

Broccoli

March 1 - 15

April 15 or June 1

60 - 75

60

.60 (indoors)

1 packet or
9 plants

Brussels sprouts

March 1 - 15

April 15 or June 1

60 - 75

60

.6

(indoors)

1 packet or
9 plants

Cabbage, early

March 1 - 15

April 1 - May 1

60 - 70

45

½(indoors)

1 packet or
12 plants

Cabbage, late

April 15 - May 1

June 1

60 - 70

45

1/2 (seedbed)

1 packet or
9 plants

Cabbage, Chinese

 

July 1

60 - 70

45

½

1 packet

Carrots

 

April 15 - June 15

45 – 60

5 - 8

½

1 packet

Cauliflower

March 1 - 15

April 15 or June 1

60 – 75

30 - 45

½(indoors)

1 packet or
12 plants

Celery

Feb. 15 - March 1

May 15

45 – 60

20

½(indoors)

1 packet or
24 plants

Chard, Swiss

 

May 1

45 - 60

15 - 20

1

1 packet

Collards

 

April 15

60 – 75

15

½

1 packet

Cucumbers

 

May 1 - June 15

120 - 150

30 between single plants;
90 between hills of three

1

1 packet

Eggplant

March 15 - April 1

June 1

60 - 75

60

½(indoors)

1 packet or
9 plants

Endive

 

April 15

45 – 75

20 - 25

½

1 packet

Garlic

 

Oct. 1 - Nov. 1

45 - 75

10 – 15

3 - 4

450g of cloves

Horseradish

 

April 15 - May 1

60 - 75

30 - 45

6 (roots)

18 roots

Kale

 

April 15 - July 15

45 - 60

30 - 45

½

1 packet

Kohlrabi

 

April 15 - June 1 or
Aug. 1 - 15

18 - 24

6

½

1 packet

Lettuce, leaf

 

April 15 - June 1 or
Aug. 1 - 15

12 - 18

4 - 6

¼

1 packet

Lettuce, head

March 1 - 15

April 15 - May 1

18 - 24

12

¼ (indoors)

1 packet or
18 plants

Muskmelon

 

May 15 - June 1

60 - 72

18

1

1 packet

Okra

March 15 - April 1

June 1

24 - 36

12 - 15

½ (indoors)

1 packet

Onion seeds

 

April 15

12 - 24

2

½

1 packet

Onion, transplants

Feb. 1 - 15

April 15

12 - 24

2 - 3

½ (indoors)

1 packet

Onion, sets

 

April 15

12 - 24

2 - 3

1 - 2

½ lb

Parsley

 

April 15 - May 1

12 - 24

4 - 6

¼

1 packet

Parsnips

 

May 1 - 15

18 - 24

3 - 4

½

1 packet

Peas

 

April 10 - May 15

18 - 24

2

1 packet

Pepper

March 15 - April 1

June 1

24 - 36

18 - 24

½ (indoors)

1 packet or
12 plants

Potatoes, Irish

 

April 15 - June 1

24 - 30

12 - 18

4 (each piece)

3 lb seed potatoes

Potatoes, sweet

April 15 (roots)

June 1

36 - 48

18 - 24

 

9 - 12 plants

Pumpkin

 

May 10 - June 1

72 - 96

24 - 36 between single plants;
60 - 72 between hills of three

1 - 2

1 packet

Radish

 

April 10 - June 1 or
Aug. 1 - 15

6 - 12

1 - 2

½

1 packet

Rhubarb

 

April 15 - May 1

36 - 48

36 - 48

 

5 or 6 plants

Rutabaga

 

May 15 - June 15

18 - 24

8 - 12

½

1 packet

Spinach

 

April 15 or Aug. 1 - 15

12 - 18

3 - 4

½

1 packet

Squash, summer

 

May 10 - June 1

24 - 36

24 - 36

1

1 packet

Squash, winter

 

May 10 - June 1

72 - 96

24 - 36 between single plants;
60 - 72 between hills of three

1

1 packet

Sweet corn

 

May 10 - July 1

30

12

1 - 2

1 packet

Tomato

April 1 - 15

May 15 - June 1

24 - 36

36 - 48

¼ (indoors)

1 packet or
6 - 8 plants

Turnip

 

April 15 or Aug. 1

15 - 18

3 - 4

½

1 packet

Watermelon

 

May 15 - June 1

60 - 72

24 - 36 between single plants;
60 - 72 between hills of three

½

1 packet

 



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