Planning A Vegetable Garden
-How to go about planning a vegetable garden
-What Vegetables to grow
-Where to plant and how to enrich the soil for optimum growth.
These are all important things to plan out before you start your vegetable garden.
A little time planning a vegetable garden at the start will save a lot of time, heartbreak and reward you with lots of fresh vegetables from your vegetable garden.
What To Plant
Most gardeners plant and grow far too many vegetables, even varieties and that they do not enjoy eating.
There are many different varieties to choice from now, from old heirlooms to new cultivars. So there are plenty of vegetables for you to choice from.
We are not bound by tradition vegetables like cauliflower, turnips, and cabbage.
There is a much wider range to choose from, including stir fry greens, radishes, and peppers originating from Asia, many different sweet potatoes from South America and pacific islands.
To get things started drop into local nursery to see what seedlings they have for sale.
This will give you an idea on what grows well in your area.
A well thought plan for your vegetable garden helps maintain a continuous and steady supply for the kitchen table. A calendar record of the best (local) seasonal produce will help to establish correct sowing dates. Always work backwards from the date that mature crops are needed.
All freshly harvested vegetables should be consumed within 2-3 days time.
Enriching The Soil
When planning a vegetable garden you should always enrich the soil so it is full of soil activity in
First start with turning the soil over then adding some compost. Mix in some blood and bone, seaweed meal and lime to enrich the soil.
Adding mulch to the top of the soil will also heap with soil moisture and weed retention.
Let’s Talk About Nutrient Value
A small selection of plants that can provide a balanced range of vitamins and other essential nutrients.
Leafy green vegetables like spinach, silverbeet, and beetroot tips are the best providers of vitamins A, C, and minerals like iron, calcium, and selenium.
Brussels sprouts, broccoli and kale are excellent additional sources of vitamin C.
For the B group vitamins a combination of potatoes, beans, pumpkin, peas, and sprouts is appropriate. This group needs to be further supplemented with a varied diet containing nuts, mushrooms, brewer’s yeast, pulses and whole grains.
Modest amounts of vitamin E is found in most leafy greens but the main sources of this important nutrient are the cold pressed vegetable oils, avocadoes, apricots, and wheat germ.
How To Go About Planning A Vegetable Garden
Vegetable gardens can follow the traditional pattern with a designated plot and plants arranged neatly in rows.
This requires some extra preparation and maintenance but enables early growth to be carefully monitored.
Weaker plants can be periodically removed to reduce the competition for light, moisture, and soil nutrients.
Alternatively, vegetables can be grown randomly throughout the entire garden. This is a more natural situation and tends to favour vigorous stock and excellent produce.
Weak or substandard vegetables will eventually be overwhelmed by the healthier plants surrounding them.
A random planting offers better protection against insect pests, mainly because the attractive signals are weakened and the increased distances between each plant deter colonization.
Rotation Of Crops
At the planning stage, vegetable gardeners need to consider the separate conditions required for annual as opposed to perennial plants.
Annual vegetable crops, such as carrots, broccoli, and potatoes, need to be rotated to a different growing space each season.
This procedure helps to prevent soil disease, pest infestation, and enables soil replenishment during a fallow period that is scheduled between each sequence of crop rotation.
Perennial vegetable crops like asparagus continue producing for a second and third season. They tend to be low maintenance plants with new shoots growing quickly to replace any stalks that are removed.
When appearances are important, it may be worth checking the eventual height and spread of new seedling purchases. Very tall plants may look out of place among rows of shorter ones; they may also require some staking support as they mature.
Fast growing vines like cucumber, choko, and squash appear unruly when they’re allowed to spread over pathways and walls.
A little time planning a vegetable garden at the start will go a long way to provide fresh vegetables week in week out for you and your family.
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Vegetable Garden Planner
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Learn More About Compost
How to Grow A vegetable Garden