Vegetable Garden Designs

Vegetable garden designs are important when wanting to get the very most out of all the space in your garden, especially when space is limited, enabling your garden to produce the most fresh produce as possible.

Here are a few basic principles to get your vegetable garden design off to a good start.

Start planning now to achieve maximum production using a few old fashioned gardening methods.

Choosing a Site

Choose a site in full sun that will receive at least 6-8 hours of sun each day, sheltered from drying wind.

Try to stay away from large tree roots (10-20m from base of tree).

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Basic layout

Squares and rectangles tend to be the most practical for a vegetable garden, giving the garden easy to work with dimension and set areas for planting and pathways.

Paths Are Essential

Pathways enable easy access to all areas of your garden, and are an essential component of your vegetable garden design, helping with access in and around the garden beds allowing access for foot traffic, wheel barrows and harvesting of produce, stopping foot traffic on the garden will reduce compaction in the soil. Compacted soil will become hard, and water logged.

Plant your vegetable garden on either side of a central path, but make sure it is at least 1 metre wide so you can push a full wheel barrow down without disturbing your vegetables.

Put down a thick layer of mulch or saw dust to conserve water and reduce weeds on pathways.

Vegetable Beds or Rows

Choose either beds or rows, depending on the space you have available.

Beds are ideal not only because they’re great garden features but are the most practical design.

Beds should be 1 metre wide, enabling you to reach into the middle with ease from both sides.

If you go for long straight rows, lay down planks of wood to use for your access paths between your vegetable rows.

Preparation of soil

It is important to prepare the soil for planting and learn what your soil profile is.

Remove all weeds or grass in the areas that you’ve chosen for your garden.

Dig over the soil then put a mix of lime, blood and bone, compost and some old manure mixed into the soil.

For best results leave for 6-8 weeks before planting out your vegetable seedlings.

Plant out seedlings in the cool of the day either early morning or late afternoon, its less stressful for the plants during these times.


Water well for the first week or two until plants have settled in, then regularly check the soil to ensure they keep moist, mulching around plants will help in retaining good soil moisture and will keep evaporation from soil to a minimum.

Water plants once a week with a seaweed liquid fertilizer to maintain strong healthy plants.

Watch out for pests and disease on vegetables and spray with a chemical or organic spray to contain insect damage.

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