Vegetable Garden Layout
To ensure an easy to maintain garden and plentiful harvest, it’s important to get your vegetable garden layout correct.
Pick a garden plot that receives plenty of sunlight, at least 6 hours per day. Ensure water can be accessed easily and ideally it would be good to locate close to the kitchen for your convenience, if it’s possible for you.
Section off an area of about 10 by 4 metres, this area will consist of 4 long beds each 10 metres long and 1 metre wide with a space of 60 cm between each bed as a pathway for ease of weeding, maintenance and harvesting.
Prepare the soil if starting from scratch by digging the soil to loosen and break up large clumps. The soil needs to be fine and loose, ready for planting seeds or seedlings.
Digging over the soil should only take one weekend to complete, it’s a good idea to add some
to the beds, plus lime if your soil is acidic.
your beds well to keep soil micro-organisms happy, increase worm activity and to help keep the soil moist. A liquid feed of
or seaweed solution will help to improve growth.
Harvest will begin after about 7 weeks, for quick growing vegetables like peas, lettuce and silver beet in autumn, or cucumbers, beans and zucchini in summer. Tomatoes, pumpkins and capsicums take 18-20 weeks to fruit.
Generally, it’s best to choose high yielding varieties that crop over long periods like old fashioned or heirloom seeds in your vegetable garden layout. To maximise space grow peas, beans, tomatoes, cucumbers, and even pumpkins up trellises or stakes.
Follow this vegetable garden layout for autumn planting. With the aim to have enough vegetables for a large family continuing throughout the autumn/winter period, totalling a potential yield of 160 kg!
Plant climbing peas (100 plants) in the first third of the bed, harvesting in 40-70 days, yielding approx 13kg of peas.
Plant broad beans (50 plants) in the second third of the bed, harvesting in 60-120 days, yielding 18kg of broad beans.
Plant broccoli, (25 plants) in the last third of the bed, harvesting in 80-100 days, yielding 6kg of broccoli.
Plant Onions (100 plants), in the first third of the bed, harvesting in 100-120 days, yielding approx. 11kg.
Plant Lettuce (33 plants), in the second third of the bed, harvesting in 50-80 days, yielding approx. 15kg.
Plant Parsnip (66 plants), in the third third of the bed, harvesting in 100-120 days, yielding 14kg.
Plant cabbage (33 plants), in the first third of the bed, harvesting in 100-160 days, yielding 52kg.
Plant more Broad beans (50 plants) and climbing peas (100 plants) to finish out the second and third thirds of the bed.
Use half of Bed 4 to grow strawberries and the other half to grow cane berries, this is a permanent planting.
Or alternatively, grow the strawberries down only half the width of the bed, allowing space to grow extra climbing peas in the autumn and beans in the summer.
After each harvest your soil will need to be replenished. Dig in compost, manure and lime to boost your next bumper crop.
It’s important not to plant the same vegetables in the same space two seasons running. Rotating your crop will prevent pest and disease build up.
Summer vegetable garden layout
Summer crop recommendation for planting in spring for a summer harvest.
Total potential yield is 370kg for the season, with ideal climate growing conditions.
Plant pumpkin (4 plants) in the first metre, harvesting in 100-130 days, yielding around 12kg.
Plant cuccumber (2 plants) & squash (3 plants) in the next 2 metres, harvesting in around 50 days, yielding about 48kg each.
For the next 1.5metres plant some silver beet (6 plants), harvesting in around 60 days, yielding around 9kg.
In the last part of the bed plant capsicum (6 plants) and tomatoes (6 plants) both taking around 100- 160 days for harvest, yielding 120 kg of tomatoes and 9 kg of capsicums.
Remember to stake tomatoes and capsicum, they are best staked when plants are young so the root system isn’t disturbed.
Plant lettuce (15 plants) for the first 1.5m, harvesting in 50 days, yielding 15kg.
For the remainder of the bed plant Potatoes which will yield 68kg in about 120 days.
Grow carrots (100 plants) in the first third of the bed, harvesting in around 60-120 days, yielding 62kg.
Climbing beans (33plants) in the second third of the bed harvesting in 120 days, yielding around 5kg
The last third plant either corn (33 plants) or beetroot (100 plants) depending
on what you like best.
Beans will yield 18kg in 80 days or 16kg of beetroot in 60-140 days.
This vegetable garden layout design should provide enough vegetables for a large family, all the fresh vegetables you can eat. With fast growing vegetables like lettuce and cabbages you will need to replant every 4-6 to keep supplies up.
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Learn the basics of vegetable growing over at this Cool Stite